What is the European Capital of Culture?
The European Capital of Culture (ECoC) is a European Union project that was established in 1985 and has since become one of the most important cultural initiatives in Europe. The project celebrates Europe's common cultural roots, as well as cultural diversity in individual EU member states. It aims to bring European citizens closer together, create a stronger sense of European belonging and promote cultural life in cities. The award is given by the Council of Ministers of Culture for a period of one year, but the city can continue to use its title after its expiration. The ECoC title is an opportunity for the awarded city to social and economic development, urban renewal, strengthening tourism and creating new jobs. The positive impact of the project is often transferred to the entire region.