DECISION No 445/2014 / EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 16 April 2014 establishing a Union action for European Capitals of Culture for the years 2020 to 2033

The evaluation of the European Capitals of Culture, as well as the public consultation on the future of this event after 2019, have shown that it has gradually become one of the most ambitious cultural initiatives in Europe and one of the most valued by European citizens. This idea should therefore be clearly developed for the period 2020-2033.

In addition to the European Capitals of Culture's original objectives of highlighting the richness, diversity and commonalities of European cultures and promoting greater mutual understanding between European citizens. European Capital of Culture cities have gradually added a new dimension to stimulation of general city development in line with its respective strategies and priorities.

It is important that title cities seek to establish links between their cultural and creative industries on the one hand and those such as education, research, the environment, urban development or cultural tourism on the other. In particular, past experience has shown that European Capitals of Culture have the potential to stimulate local development and cultural tourism, as emphasized by the Commission in its Communication entitled "Europe, the world's No 1 tourist destination - a new political framework for tourism".

It is also important that title cities strive to promote social inclusion and equal opportunities and make every effort to involve all sections of civil society as much as possible in the preparation and implementation of a cultural programme, with a special focus on young people and marginalized and disadvantaged groups.

The title should continue to be reserved for cities, regardless of their size, but in an effort to reach a wider audience and increase the impact of the event, the cities concerned should also continue to be able to involve the surrounding area.

The title should be still based on a specially designed cultural programme with a strong European dimension. This cultural programme should also be part of a long-term strategy with a sustainable impact on local economic, cultural and social development.

REGULATION (EU) No 1295/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL establishing the Creative Europe Programme (2014-2020)

This Regulation establishes the Creative Europe programme to support Europe's cultural and creative industries.

Cultural and creative industries are all industries whose activities are based on cultural values ​​or on artistic and other creative expressions, whether these activities are market-oriented and regardless of the type of structure that carries them out and the way in which they are carried out or how this structure is financed. These activities include the development, creation, production, dissemination and protection of products and services that represent cultural, artistic or other creative expressions, as well as related functions such as education or management.

Cultural and creative industries include, but are not limited to, architecture, archives, libraries and museums, arts and crafts, audiovisual (such as cinematography, television, video games and multimedia), tangible and intangible cultural heritage, design, festivals, music, literature, performing arts, publishing activity, radio and fine arts.

The programme aims to protect, develop and promote Europe's cultural and linguistic diversity and to promote Europe's cultural heritage and strengthen the competitiveness of Europe's cultural and creative industries, in particular the audiovisual sector, in order to promote smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.